Jiu jitsu, Jiujitsu, jujitsu the likes the differences and moreadmin
Jiu jitsu, Jiujitsu, jujitsu the likes the differences and more…
This subject comes up often when I get questions about Total Ryu and it’s classes. I wanted to clear the air, so to speak and let the readers know the differences and the similarities between Jiu jitsu and Jujitsu.
First a couple of caveats
- I am not an expert on the Japanese language, evolution of the language or local derivatives and dialects.
- I am also not an expert on Japanese History and the evolution of martial arts.
- What I relate in the article, is from my own experience and study.
The Answer according to History
They are both the same. You see Jujitsu was spelled different ways depending on who was writing the document referencing the art. It was also pronounced slightly different in different areas of the country. So according to history Jujitsu, jiu jitsu, jiujitsu, jujutsu, ju-jitsu, jiu-jitsu, Ju-jutsu was the same, the unarmed combat art of the Samurai. This does not get into the different methods or schools that taught the art and also helped the evolution of the name Jujitsu. So until very recently all the words mostly meant the same thing not inclusive of methods or schools otherwise known as Ryu or (Ryus the english plural version, I don’t know the Japanese plural of RYU).
What techniques does Jiu Jitsu or Jujtisu have present in the art?
Below is a list of the general techniques that are included in traditional Jiujitsu or Jujitsu
- Throwing techniques or Nage- Waza
- Hip throws
- Leg sweeps
- Ankle Sweeps
- Hand throws
- Sacrifice throws
- Grappling techniques or Katame-Waza.
- Included is Ground or Ne Waza
- Hold down techniques or osae-komi-waza
- Stangling or choking techniques or shime-waza
- Striking techniques or Atemi- Waza
- Hand strikes
As you can see there is allot to the art, and each section has many sub techniques that are included in the study and practice.
Where is the Confusion between Jiujitsu and Jujitsu?
The confusion starts with the MMA in the early 1990s. Certain figures in the early days of MMA were winning with what they call jiujitsu. These individuals were from Brazil and had their roots in the sport of Judo. These individuals were especially good at winning Judo competitions with ground or Ne Waza techniques. Now lets go back a little farther in time. The head of this family was taught by an individual from Japan that taught traditional Jujitsu or Jiujitsu, he called it Jiujitsu. That person is the key to this whole confusion between the two terms. He taught jiujitsu or jujitsu which is too dangerous for competition so he started focuses on what was working for his students in competition and that was the ground submissions and WHALA, the modern jiujitsu or Brazilian jiujitsu was born. It is essentially a ground fighting art at it’s core, while they still have some of the standing techniques present, it’s focus is on the ground.
Caveat…… I am also not an expert in the history of Brazilian jiujitsu.
The differences between Jiu jitsu and Jujitsu or Brazilian jujitsu and Traditional Jujitsu.
I have pretty much stated that already but let me clarify. Traditional Jujitsu includes standing throwing techniques, striking, locking, choking, hold down, and ground techniques that include striking, choking, locking etc. Brazilian jiujitsu has mostly ground techniques that include locks from the ground, chokes from the ground and submissions from the ground. While it does have limited throwing, takedown, some standing and some striking techniques, the focus is on the ground.
In a Nutshell.
There are many martial arts that have been derived from Jiujitsu or Jujitsu. They are Judo, Aikido, Brazilian Jiujitsu and Aikijitsu. Also many of the modern military combative systems are based off of traditional jujitsu. Brazilian jiujitsu is a ground fighting art that has it’s roots in a subset or is part of traditional jujitsu.
Total Ryu and Jiujitsu or Jujitsu
Our philosophy at Total Ryu Martial Arts is STAY OFF THE GROUND if you can help it. But if you find yourself there you absolutely need to know what to do. Yes we teach ground or Ne Waza. We teach it in a powerful and explosive way devoid of the rules of sport, just like all of our methods and techniques. Ground is important to know but it far more important to know how to stay on your feet and even more important…. how to avoid the bad situations all together.